Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Healthy Living – Prevent Heart Disease before its starts or slow the worsening of existing cardiovascular disease – Useful guide from the American College of Cardiology
  • Intensive lifestyle interventions (ILIs) are the first-line approach to effectively treat obesity and manage associated cardiometabolic risk factors. A pragmatic ILI clinical study consistent with national guidelines and delivered by trained health coaches in primary care produced clinically relevant improvements in cardiometabolic health in an underserved population over a 2-year period
  • How Alcohol Induces Atrial Tachyarrhythmias Study (HOLIDAY study)- As alcohol intake goes up, so does the likelihood of developing atrial fibrillation (AF), epidemiologic surveys and other studies overwhelmingly suggest, as excessive alcohol use is increasingly seen as a modifiable risk factor for the arrhythmia. The research has generally focused on links between chronic alcohol use and the arrhythmia, with its acute effects as a cause of AF typically in only animal studies. On that backdrop, blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) consistent with a legal definition of intoxication administered intravenously were followed by atrial electrophysiologic (EP) changes believed conducive to the genesis of AF in an elegant study of patients in the lab under general anesthesia. JACC -Clinical
  • Effect of Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acid and Vitamin D Supplementation on Incident Atrial Fibrillation – Among adults aged 50 years or older, treatment with EPA-DHA or vitamin D3, compared with placebo, resulted in no significant difference in the risk of incident AF over a median follow-up of more than 5 years. The findings do not support the use of either agent for the primary prevention of incident AF. JAMA 16March2021
  • Type of Diet (protein choice) & Risk of CV Disease: Using meat-eaters as a reference group, fish-only eaters have a lower risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes & incidence. A combination fish/poultry diet showed no difference in either measure. Vegetarian diets showed a slight decrease in incidence only, but no difference in outcomes or in type of CV event including heart failure, stroke, myocardial infarction (heart attack) and ischemic heart disease. Meat-only eaters did have a higher incidence of obesity which may influence the results. European Heart Journal 21 March 2021
  • Association of Major Dietary Protein Sources With All‐Cause and Cause‐Specific Mortality: Prospective large prospective cohort study of 102 521 women followed for 18 years on average found that intake of plant protein, and substitution of animal protein with plant protein, were associated with lower risk of all‐cause, CVD, and dementia mortality. The associations were independent of age, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, dietary and lifestyles factors, baseline disease status, and family history of diseases. Furthermore, the investigators identified nuts as potential healthier alternatives for red meat, eggs, dairy products, and legumes. These findings support the need for consideration of protein sources, in addition to the amount of protein intake, in future dietary guidelines – Journal of the American Heart Association JAHA 2021
  • More Processed Foods, More Cardiovascular Problems - Study in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC) suggests benefits of curbing ultra-processed food intake - The current findings support that higher consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with increased risk of CVD incidence and mortality. Although additional research in ethnically diverse populations is warranted, these findings suggest cardiovascular benefits of limiting ultra-processed foods
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